Anyone who has been in photography for a long time will remember the legendary Kodak film, no, not Kodachrome, the other one…Panatomic-X. Panatomic-X was first released in 1933 and continued until 1987 this fine grain ASA-32 panchromatic black & white film produced a huge tonal range and allowed for even 35mm negatives to be printed extremely large without noticeable grain…and when there was grain is was very pleasing. These days you cannot find fresh film, or even another film on the market like it. Most of the film I’ve shot expired back in the 1970s but can still be shot at box speed (ASA-32). The idea for this came when I opened up a box of the film I purchased through the FPP store that stated that the replacement product was Kodak’s TMax 100.

From one of my last rolls of originally packaged Panatomic-X
Nikon F4 – AF Nikkor 35mm 1:2D – Kodak Panatomic-X (FX) @ ASA-32 – Kodak Xtol (1+1) 7:30 @ 20C

So I got an idea why not shoot TMax 100 at ASA-32, or as my friend Mat puts it “that’s one hell of a pull.” Now before all you folks out there start yelling about how TMax is a T-Grained film and blah blah blah…I figured if you can get a dreamy soft contrast look out of TMax 100 by developing it in D-76 one-to-one, you can pull it to ASA-32 and achieve somewhat of a Panatomic-X look. So using the Massive Dev Chart, I settled on using Xtol one-to-one for 8 minutes and forty-five seconds. And the results nothing short of spectacular! The first time I did this was up at Photostock last year using a Pentax Spotmeter V.

Beyond Bliss

Framed In Trees


Then again in the same camera (Rolleiflex 2.8F) using the internal meter in the Beaches neighborhood of Toronto, Ontario.

TFSM - Spring '15 - The Beaches

TFSM - Spring '15 - The Beaches

TFSM - Spring '15 - The Beaches

While we can never have Panatomic-X back it’s nice to know you can still get somewhat of that antique look with a modern film. If you want to try out Panatomic-X yourself, the Film Photography Project still has some bulk loaded film for sale or pick up some fresh TMax 100 and try the trick out yourself!


  1. Back in the late 60s and 70s I used Panatomic-X regularly along with Tri-X.
    And just today I shot & developed two rolls of original Panatomic-X 35mm films.

    It has been a very beautiful and cold winterday. Sharp & bright light.
    I developed the films 10 minutes to compensate possible effects of aging using D-76 diluted 1+1 20° C, agitation 5 s (30 s intervals).

    I`m very happy with results and it will be interesting to compare these negatives to the ones which were developed 30, 40 nearly 50 years ago 🙂

    Best regards,

    Esa Kivivuori

    Thank you for that fine idea. I definitely will try T-Max 100 according to ISO 25 – 32

  2. Great results with the Panatomic and interesting trick with the Tmax!

    I have a roll of 135 Panatomic X 32 ASA (unknown expiry date) that I want to shoot.
    Would you recommend shooting it at box speed in any circumstances?

    For development I have HC-110. What would you recommend as development time and dilution using this developer?

    1. Author

      I would try HC-110 Dil. H (1+63 from syrup) for 10 minutes.

  3. Never did like Panatomic X. Still don’t. It’s Graaaaay, like digital, and too slow. I prefer black and white, so Tri-X is what I shoot at 50, 100, 200, it doesn’t much matter really. Always looks great.

  4. Fascinating article and I would like to try. Did you shoot at ASA-32 or just pull in the processing? Thanks so much. Jim

    1. Author

      Hi Jim! I exposed the film at asa-32 and pulled in development.

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