Before Plus-X there was Verichrome Pan. The two films have rather similar looks, but if there was a film that defined the look of the mid-century, that is the 1940s through 1950s of the 20th-Century that film is Verichrome Pan. Despite its age and the mid-speed nature of it, the film today remains surprisingly stable, having shot some that had expiry dates of the late 1960s. Designed as a general purpose film for the average consumer who at the time of its release in 1956 had nothing more than a box camera the film had a wide exposure latitude to overcome the disadvantages a box camera would have. And overall, while I’m more likely to chose Plus-X over Verichrome, if I can get both, I’ll get both.

Film Specs
Type: Panchromatic B&W
Film Base: Acetate
Film Speed: ASA-125
Formats Available: Medium Format, Sheet Films
Year Discontinued: 1995

Roll 01 – Kodak D-76
There is something about souping a classic film with a classic developer, and while I’d love to have developed in D-23, I decided that D-76 would probably be best. The results, well they speak for themselves, given the age of the film. Contrast, Tone, and Grain are all on point. And provide that same lovely classic feel to all the images. If I got my hands on more of the stock, I would be experimenting with diluting 1+1 and of course the slower cousin D-23 because they all make this amazing film just sing!

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Technical Details:
Rolleiflex 2.8F – Carl Zeiss Planar 80mm 1:2.8 – Kodak Verichrome Pan @ ASA-125
Kodak D-76 (Stock) 7:00 @ 20C

Roll 02 – Ilford Microphen
Age often causes the film to become grainy or lose sensitivity, so often I want to develop the film in either a fine grain developer or something with a level of compensation. However, Microphen continues to impress me with how well it handles film. And with Verichrome Pan it gives you an amazing result. Fine grain, rich tones between clean whites and deep blacks, a rich darker sky (even with just a light-yellow filter on the lens) which shows the Orthochromatic roots of the film. Contrast is rich and right on the money for me, it probably helped the film itself expired back in the late 1980s.

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Technical Details:
Rolleiflex 2.8F – Carl Ziess Planar 80mm 1:2.8 – Kodak Verichrom Pan @ ASA-125
Ilford Microphen (1+1) 8:30 @ 20C

Roll 03 – Kodak Xtol
Even in a modern developer, you have that rich classic look that you see in the old snapshots from your parents or even grandparents. The combination of Xtol and Verichrome Pan would be the first I used as it was the only combination I could find online that I trusted and hoped that even with shooting at box speed despite the age would yield results and it did! Now I’m showing images shot on a good camera, but I’ve also used this on an old roll of 127 format film through a box camera and again shows off the wide latitude and stability of the film itself with sharp images and a fine grain you wouldn’t expect from a film this old.

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Techincal Details:
Pentax 645 – SMC Pentax A 645 35mm 1:3.5 – Kodak Verichrome Pan @ ASA-125
Kodak Xtol (1+2) 7:30 @ 20C

Roll 04 – Kodak HC-110
The original datasheet inside the film box stated that for HC-110 Dilution B to soup the film for 4.25 minutes. Modern views state that developing times under five minutes can have some inconsistencies, so I dropped the dilution and doubled the time, a trick I used previously with excellent results on Panatomic-X. And the results are even more stunning here with Verichrome Pan, I believe the term silky can apply here. There’s a certain dimensionality to these images, the tone is smooth across the board, with those wonderful dark blacks and bright whites, plenty of contrast at that but nothing to the extremes. Not to mention sharp with little grain. Certainly a winner here in my books.

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Technical Details:
Rolleiflex 2.8F – Carl Zeiss Planar 80mm 1:2.8 – Kodak Verichrome Pan @ ASA-125
Kodak HC-110 Dil. H 8:30 @ 20C

Final Thoughts
If there’s one classic film to give a strong warning about, it’s Verichrome Pan. There have been several versions of the Verichrome film, some dating back to 1907 when it first saw release as Wratten & Wainwright Verichrome. When Eastman Kodak acquired the company in 1912 they took over production. This early version of the film (1907-1931) is an orthochromatic film and produced on a Nitrate base making it extremely flammable. In 1931 Kodak released a new version of Verichrome, or Verichrome Safety film on a non-flammable acetate base but it remains an Orthochromatic film. If you see any of the old nitrate film it’s best you dispose of it properly, and use the pre-1956 version as a shelf queen. As always with expired film, make sure you know how it was stored, it’s best you use only cold stored version of the film given its age, but it’s well worth shooting if you find a well-stored example. You might even run across original 620 boxes that are perfect for your Kodak box cameras.


  1. This is great!! I love these multi-developer film reviews you do because they’re so useful and informative. But this one on VP takes the cake because it’s such a great film and you made it look so very good. Now I want to buy some on eBay and shoot it.

    1. Author

      Verichrome is a favourite of mine, while I know Kodak cannot bring it back, though I hope they at least investigate Plus-X and Panatomic-X. I decided on the multi-developer route right at the beginning as B&W films change depending on how they are developed. I plan on reviewing colour films in the new year and may change around the number of rolls shot depending on the film itself.

  2. When I was young and poor, Verichrome pan and D76 was my drug of choice, I could always find the film most anywhere I went and could get a good price on recently expired stuff. Loaded up in at first in a new to me 1957 Yashicamat, then later in a Rolleicord Va. Later, I upgraded to a New Mamiya 645 and went the Tri X route.

    1. Author

      Tri-X remains my goto film of choice along with Ilford FP4+ when I’m unsure of the situation and lighting knowing that both of them will give me the best results!

  3. I’ve shot Verichrome Pan all my life! Even as a professional, it was my “go-to” film for medium format assignments. Long scale, very clear base (which seemed to foster ‘sparkly’ highlights), almost impossible to miss exposure. I remember when they first cancelled VP, they cancelled the cancellation because of all the stink photographers put up! The rumor was that Victor Skrebneski in Chicago, and Avedon in NY, got on the horn and complained!

    I never cared for Plus-X, too dull, too flat, grey base. Original Illford FP-4 was a close second, until they made FP-4 Plus, then it didn’t look that good. Ended up shooting Agfapan APX 100, until they killed that too.

    1. Author

      Give a try to Rollei RPX 100, pretty darn close to APX100.

  4. Interesting post. Over the past few years, I’ve shot a little Verichrome Pan and Panatomic-X, all expired in the mid 1970s. My results, while pretty good, were nowhere near as good as yours, mostly due I think to the fact that storage conditions of the film I bought was unknown.

    1. Author

      Storage is always key!

  5. Wonderful. My grandpa was a big fan of the Verichrome Pan, judging by what negatives I have that were his. In fact I have maybe 5 rolls that he never developed, gotta get to it at some point!

  6. Nice work Alex. Brings back memories from the fifties when as a lad, my father gave me his Ansco 116 camera with a couple of rolls of the “new” Verichrome Pan.
    Up to that time, most roll films available (in the UK) were orthochrome, which allowed me to dish develop under a red safelight in the bathroom. Pan film was a new challenge and I could only use when I could afford a Paterson tank.
    None the less, as I remember Verichrome Pan was a brilliant film. I continued to use until discovering Ilford HP3, which was a bit faster. Remember that ?

  7. Can I ask which modern emulsion you feel is closest to Verichrome Pan?

    I’ve had Ultrafine Xtreme 100 recommended to me, as well as Foma 100 as acceptable substitutes with a similar look, but given that you’ve shot it and gotten such wonderful results, I figure you may well have some insight into this as well.


    1. Author

      Good Afternoon, Foma 100 is probably your best bet!

  8. 35mm Verichrome Pan? Methinks not.

    1. Author

      Thanks for the spot! It must have come in when I copy/pasted the template from another review!

  9. I will take 120 Verichrome Pan over any 35mm film any day. It is like an old friend that died.

  10. Do you know up to when the orthochromatic version was sold in normal shops?

    1. Author

      Verichrome has a unique history as it first came out in 1907 produced in a Nitrate base by Wratten & Wainwright. Kodak purchased the company in 1912 and continued to produce the film. In 1931 they released Verichrome Safety Film on an acetate base. Verichrome in its Orthochromatic film ceased production in 1956, replaced by Verichrome Pan.

  11. Can I ask when the panchromatic film went into normal use for “ordinary people”?

    1. Author

      Panchromatic film saw the first production in any viable form in 1906, however, it wouldn’t be until 1926 when the price between Ortho and Pan film were equalised.

  12. I have some VP 620 from March of 1968. One still in the box. They’ve been stored in boxes of pictures in a closet the whole time. Is there any use for it? Is there an inexpensive camera that I could use it in? Can it be developed anywhere? Should I just throw it away? A reply via email would be greatly appreciated. Thanks!

    1. Author

      Best camera to get is a Brownie Hawkeye Flash, great mid-century camera!

  13. I’m curious about your comments regarding a weaker dilution of hc–110 for Verichrome. I just found an exposed roll in a friend’s darkroom things, and would like to process it. Whatever recommendation you can share re: time and temp would be appreciated.

    Thank you,
    Michael C.

    1. Author

      Go with Dilution H (1+63) for 8.5 minutes at 20C/68F and you’ll be good!

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